The Ohio/Penn Dx PacketCluster
DX Bulletin No. 1428
August 26, 2019
Editor Tedd Mirgliotta, KB8NW
Provided by BARF80.ORG (Cleveland, Ohio)
Written/Sent from Strongsville, Ohio
Thanks to the Northern Ohio Amateur Radio Society, Northern Ohio DX
Association, Ohio/Penn PacketCluster Network, the AB5K's AR Cluster
Networks, ARRL Letter & Web Page, NJ1Q & W1AW, NG3K & ADXO, W3UR & The
Daily DX, WB6RSE, AA7A, K8YSE, W8GEX & 60m DX News, N0TG, 8P6SH/8P2K,
DL1SBF, DL7UXG & The DX News Letter, DxCoffee.com, DXNews.com, DX-World.Net,
F5NQL, F6AJA & Les Nouvelles DX, G4EDG, HL1VAU, I1JQJ/IK1ADH & 425 DX
News, I2YSB, OZ6OM & 50 MHz DX News, RN3RQ, Sixitalia Weekly and VA3RJ
& ICPO for the following DX information.
DXCC COUNTRY/ENTITY REPORT: According to the AR-Cluster Network for the
week of Sunday, 18th/August, through Sunday, 25th/August there were 206
countries active. Countries available: 3A, 3B8, 3D2, 3W, 4J, 4L, 4O, 4S,
4U1I, 4X, 5A, 5B, 5N, 5R, 5T, 5W, 6Y, 7P, 7X, 8P, 8Q, 9A, 9G, 9H, 9K, 9L,
9M2, 9M6, 9N, 9Q, 9V, 9Y, A2, A4, A6, A7, A9, AP, BV, BY, C3, CE, CE0Y,
CE9, CM, CN, CP, CT, CU, CX, DL, DU, E5/n, E5/s, E6, E7, EA, EA6, EA8,
EA9, EI, EK, EP, ER, ES, EU, EX, EY, EZ, F, FG, FH, FK, FM, FO, FP, FR,
FS, FY, G, GD, GI, GJ, GM, GU, GW, H4, HA, HB, HB0, HC, HH, HI, HK, HK0/a,
HL, HP, HR, HS, HZ, I, IS, J3, J6, J7, J8, JA, JD/o, JT, JW, JY, K, KG4,
KH0, KH2, KH6, KH8, KL, KP2, KP4, LA, LU, LX, LY, LZ, OA, OD, OE, OH, OH0,
OJ0, OK, OM, ON, OX, OY, OZ, P4, PA, PJ2, PJ4, PY, PZ, S0, S2, S5, S7, S9,
SM, SP, SU, SV, SV5, SV9, T2, T7, TA, TF, TG, TI, TK, TL, TT, TU, TY, UA,
UA2, UA9, UK, UN, UR, V3, V5, V7, V8, VE, VK, VP2E, VP2M, VP8, VR, VU, XE,
XU, XZ, YA, YB, YI, YJ, YK, YL, YN, YO, YS, YU, YV, Z3, Z6, ZA, ZB, ZD7,
ZD8, ZF, ZL, ZP, ZS
* PLEASE NOTE: The report "could" contain "Pirate/SLIM" operations or
more likely a "BUSTED CALLSIGN". As always, you never know - "Work
First Worry Later".
4L, GEORGIA. Ilya, R3XA, will be active as 4L9M from Gudauri during the
CQWW DX SSB Contest (October 26-27th) as a Single-Op/Single-Band (80m)
entry. QSL via R3XA, ClubLog or LoTW.
5I, TANZANIA (IOTA Op). Silvano, I2YSB, informs that the Italian DX-
pedition Team (IDT) will be activating Zanzibar Island (AF-032) in Tan-
zania between February 4-18th, 2020. The IDT will be using two callsigns:
5I5TT for CW, SSB and RTTY; 5I4ZZ for FT8 and FT4. The Team will be
comprised of 10 operators. Operators mentioned are Franco/I1FQH, Alfeo/
I1HJT, Tony/I2PJA, Silvano/I2YSB, Vinicio/IK2CIO, Angelo/IK2CKR, Marcello/
IK2DIA, Stefano/IK2HKT, Paolo/IW1ARB and Mac/JA3USA. Activity will be
on 160-10 meters with 5 stations on the air. Suggested frequencies are:
CW - 1826, 3530, 7025, 10115, 14030, 18068, 21030, 24890 and 28030 kHz
SSB - 3775, 7090, 14240, 18130, 21310, 24950 and 28470 kHz
RTTY - 14084 kHz
FT4 - 3575, 7047.5, 10140, 14080, 18104, 21140, 24919 and 28180 kHz
FT8 - 1845, 3585, 7056, 10131, 14084, 18095, 21091, 24911 and 28091 kHz
** For Japanese stations only: FT8 on 160m will use the normal mode.
Their RX frequency will be on 1908 kHz.
The IDT is conducting a band/mode survey for their Tanzania operation
QSL via OQRS (http://win.i2ysb.com/logonline/). QSL via I2YSB direct only
or LoTW after the operation.
5K0, SAN ANDREA ISLAND. Operators Rob/HK3CW, Petr/OK1BOA, Petr/OK1FCJ,
Palo/OK1CRM, Pavel/OK1GK, Ruda/OK2ZA, Ludek/OK2ZC, Karel/OK2ZI and David/
OK6DJ will be active as 5K0K from San Andres Island (NA-033) around/between
October 15-30th. Activity will be on 160-10 meters using CW, SSB, RTTY and
FT8. Focus will be on the low bands. Radios: Elecraft K3 and Kenwood TS480
(both multiple units). PA: Expert 1.3k-FA, JUMA’s and RF Power. Antennas:
3x Spiderbeam (10/15/20m including WARC), VDA antennas, 30m 4SQ, 40m 4SQ,
80m vertical + radials, 1/4 vertical + radials 160m vertical + capacitive
hat. RX: Beverages + DHDL. QSL via OK6DJ, ClubLog's OQRS or LoTW.
6O7O SOMALIA DXPEDITION NEWS (Update). Ken, LA7GIA, reports [edited]:
"I will QRV from Somalia Sept. 14th to Sept. 28th on all bands 160-10m
mainly on CW. Activity on other modes (SSB, FT8) will be limited and on
1-2 bands only.
This trip has proved to be very difficult to plan, but finally after
3 site visits all details are sorted out. I have all permits in hand –
and look forward to returning to Somalia after 18 months.
I will particularly focus on working NA this time, as well low bands.
I have some good vertical low band antennas, and some good RX antennas.
The RX antennas will hopefully be located far away from noise sources.
There will be a guard protecting the beverages 24/7. Please follow my
instructions when it comes to calling for geographical areas. Because
there is a very short opening to NA on low bands, in particular western
part of NA. If there is propagation I will only call for NA when we
approach my sunrise. EU will have the best conditions and shall try to
work me during their evening time on low bands. Please carefully note
the QSO and QSL policy mentioned on my Web page. Free&fast LoTW is only
for the good first class operators who can follow the QSO policy and DX
code of conduct.
I have some additional security related expenses like armored car,
armed guards etc. If you would like to contribute to protecting the low
band antennas from being stolen, cut or moved – make a donation to PayPal
Anyone who donates in advance before the DXpedition end will receive
direct QSL and express LoTW!
This time I would also like to offer you the possibility to donate to
a humanitarian fundraiser for the Norwegian organization Sabona who helps
children in Africa. Please use the same PayPal address but indicate your
call and that it is meant as humanitarian donation. Please look for more
info on my Web page (https://www.la7gia.com/where-next/)."
ADDED REMINDER: QSL via M0OXO. Logs will be uploaded to ClubLog. Also,
make sure you read Ken's "QSO & QSL Policy" on his Web page.
7A, INDONESIA. A team of YB operators will be active as 7A2A from a contest
station in Central Java during the CQWW DX SSB Contest (October 26-27th)
as a Multi-? entry. QSL via LoTW. No othe details were provided.
8A74, INDONESIA (Special Event). Members of the Organisasi Amatir Radio
Indonesia (ORARI) will be active as 8A74RI/# (0-9, Provinces/Call Areas)
between August 28th and September 1st. Activity is to celebrate the 74th
anniversary of the Republic of Indonesia. QSL via ORARI National QSL
Bureau or LoTW.
C5, THE GAMBIA. Don, G3XTT, will once again be active as C56DF from The
Gambia, but this time in CQWW DX CW Contest (November 23-24th). Look for
operation before and maybe after the contest. Activity will be on various
bands, probably all CW like last time using low power (IC-7300 and wires)
from a rooftop apartment. He will, of course, upload logs to LoTW and
ClubLog, but possibly only after his return to the UK. QSL direct to Don's
home callsign or via ClubLog's OQRS.
D4, CAPE VERDE (Update/Satellite Op). Harald, DF2WO, will once again be
active as D44TWO from Praia, Santiago Island (AF-005), between September
29th and October 13th. Activity will be holiday style on 160-10 meters
using CW, SSB and the Digital modes. He states that he works mostly on
the Digital modes (FT8, PSK31, JT65 and RTTY) and slow CW. It was reported
this past week that "he has been working hard in the last few months getting
his Satellite station working and is now confident he will use it from
Cabo Verde. He will be using an Icom 7300, 2 Transverters with 3 watts
output on ES-Hail using the QO-100 Geostationary Satellite." He will also
have a FT-450D into a homemade HEX BEAM and a dipole for 40 meters. QSL
via M0OXO (OQRS available).
DXCC, VUCC, & ARRL CONTESTS (Now Prohibit Automated Contacts!). From the
ARRL Web page: Following the direction of the ARRL Board of Directors,
ARRL has incorporated changes to the rules for all ARRL-sponsored contests
and DXCC, prohibiting automated contacts. These changes also apply to the
Worked All States (including Triple Play and 5-Band WAS), VHF/UHF Century
Club, and Fred Fish, W5FF, Memorial awards. The changes are effective
A resolution at the July ARRL Board of Directors meeting pointed to
"growing concern over fully automated contacts being made and claimed"
for contest and DXCC credit. The rules now require that each claimed
contact include contemporaneous direct initiation by the operator on
both sides of the contact. Initiation of a contact may be either local
Also see the ARRL Letter for August 22nd, 2019.
FK, NEW CALEDONIA. Jan, F6EYB, will once again be active as FK8CJ from
Noumea, New Caledonia (OC-032), starting August 29th, until the end of
the year. Activity will be on various HF bands (mainly 30/20/17 meters).
QSL via F6EYB, LoTW or eQSL.
FS, ST. MARTIN. Doug, VA3DF, will be active as FS/VA3DF from St. Martin
(NA-105) during the CQWW DX CW Contest (November 23-24th) as a Single-Op/
Single-Band (40 or 20m) entry. He will use a CrankIR and 100 watts. QSL
FT8 OPERATING SUGGESTIONS. Dean, 8P6SH/8P2K, has recently been very active
on FT8 from St.Philip, and states, "Its been very interesting but also
somewhat frustrating. I thought I would share a few thoughts on working
DX from a DX perspective. After working quite a few stations on FT8 over
the past couple months, I thought I would share a few thoughts on working
DX on HF:
1. When you're calling a DX station on HF is the grid that important?
Many times it's not a bad idea to go with "XX0DX W1ZZ 01" This is
especially important when signal levels are low - -20db and below.
The grid information is generally redundant and will be confirmed
on LoTW anyway. In the typical 'pile-up' that I get on the band, I
try to work the stations that send a signal report first as these
QSOs are shorter.
2. Do not call a DX station on its transmit frequency. Often I have 4
or 5 DX stations all calling on the same frequency and then, even
with perfect conditions I'm sending repeat after repeat and seemingly
getting nowhere. Find a clear frequency and call.
3. Know when you can log the station. Many times I am working a station
and I have gotten a "RRR" or "RR73" from the other station. I either
send a CQ or work the next station, only to get the station who had
sent a confirmation sending a grid or report to initiate a QSO. I
believe this is because I have not sent a "73" message. Those of us
who have worked other modes for years know that "73" is optional.
Please log the station once you have sent a report, received a report
and received some kind of confirmation. That final "73" is ok, but
usually from a DX station working through a list of 6 stations it
is very much optional.
4. Hope these pointers are taken in the spirit they are given - to help
you get into the log quicker! THANKS."
If you have any comments to make about Dean's comments on FT8, you can
contact him at: email@example.com
HPM CELEBRATION. Just reminder that the Hiram Percy Maxim Birthday Cele-
bration gets under way on Saturday, August 31st, and wraps up on Monday,
September 8th. The 9-day operating event commemorates the 150th anni-
versary of the birth of ARRL co-founder and first president Hiram Percy
Maxim, W1AW (HPM) — born on September 2, 1869 — and is open to all radio
amateurs. The objective is to work as many participating stations as
possible. W1AW and all ARRL members will append “/150” to their callsigns
during this event (DX operators who are ARRL members may operate as /150, if permitted by their country of license). For more details,
NCDXF PRESS RELEASE (NCDXF Issues grants to two upcoming DXpeditions).
[Dated August 23rd, edited] -- The Northern California DX Foundation
(NCDXF) is pleased to announce grants issued to two Pacific DXpedition
teams for Summer 2019.
1. The 2019 Western Kiribati (T30L) and Nauru (C21W) DXpeditions slated
for September have been granted $5,000 from NCDXF. Team Leader Yuris,
YL2GM, has assembled another high-energy team to activate these two
islands in an exciting back-to-back operation in September. One of
the operators is Kristers, YL3JA, a 21-year old first-timer and
future WRTC 2022 hopeful.
2. The upcoming ZK3A DXpedition slated for October 2019 has been issued
a $4,000 from NCDXF using a new grant matching program. To encourage
more European club participation in early funding raising efforts for
DXpedition teams, NCDXF pledged $2,000 up-front to the ZK3A DXpedition
team and also offered to "match" up to an additional $2,000 in pre-trip
funded grants obtained from any EU DX Clubs or Foundations. We are
happy to report that this new grant-matching plan worked well as the
ZK3A team has received an additional $2,000 from European Clubs and
Foundations in vital up-front funding.
During the last 46 years, NCDXF has granted over $1 million to
hundreds of DXpeditions – helping to put an “all-time-new-one” (ATNO)
in the log and make DX happen for thousands of DXers worldwide.
DXpeditions to rare entities are becoming more expensive, a trend
that will continue. If you agree with the importance of NCDXF's work,
please visit our website at NCDXF.ORG to study our history and to
consider providing your support.
Best regards, Ned Stearns, AA7A -- NCDXF Vice President
NCDXF Web Page at: https://www.ncdxf.org
OJ0, MARKET REEF. Pasi, OH3WS, will once again be active as OJ0W (as well
as OJ0/OH3WS and OJ0/OG3A) from Market Reef (EU-053) between October
5-12th. Activity will be on 80-30 meters using CW and SSB. QSL all three
callsigns via his home callsign.
OPDX MAILING LIST (Just A Reminder). The "new" OPDX Mailing List is back up
and running! Details on how to subscribe/unsubscribe are at the bottom of
this bulletin. PLEASE pass the word around.... Thanks and 73 de Tedd KB8NW
P4, ARUBA (Early Announcement). John, W2GD, will once again be active as
P40W from Aruba (SA-036) during the ARRL International DX CW Contest
(February 15-16th) as a Single-Op/All-Band/High-Power entry. Operations
outside of the contest are usually on 160/80m and 30/17/12 meters as time
permits. Watch 160m on the hour and 80m on the half hour. QSL via LoTW
or direct to N2MM, Bureau cards are no longer accepted. Logs will be
loaded on LoTW upon his return to the USA.
PROPAGATION FORECAST/REPORT (August 26th-September 1st).......
Aug/26th AN Aug/29th AN Aug/31st AN
Aug/27th AN Aug/30th AN Sep/01st BN
SOLAR REFERENCE KEYS/INDEXES AND GEOMAGNETIC REFERENCE
NORMALITY GEOMAG K Values Alpha
----------------- ------ -------- ------
AN - Above Normal Quiet K=0-1 0-7
HN - High Normal Unsettled K=2 8-15
LN - Low Normal Active K=3 16-29
BN - Below Normal Minor Storm K=4 30-49
DIS - Disturbed Major Storm K=5 50-99
VRY DIS - Very Disturbed Severe Storm K=6-9 100-400
Meanwhile, check out the following Web sites for propagation:
* VOACAP predication Web page at: http://www.voacap.com/hf
* DX.QSL.NET Propagation page: https://dx.qsl.net/propagation
* A daily HF radio wave propagation forecast can be found at:
* SolarHam Web page: http://www.solarham.net
* Radio Propagation/Space Weather/Sunspot Cycle Information at:
* Monthly propagation charts between four USA regions and twelve
overseas locations are at: http://arrl.org/propagation
* Information and tutorials on propagation are at: http://k9la.us
* Graphic propagation tool by DR2W: http://www.dr2w.de/dx-propagation
* Point to point propagation at: http://www.predtest.uk/p2p.html
* Realtime propagation at: http://www.predtest.uk
* Also on Twitter: https://twitter.com/@GiellaW4hm
QSL INFO AND NEWS...................
QSL-INFO from DB0SDX by Lothar, DL1SBF (www.qslinfo.eu)(August 25th)
5B4AMX via LZ3SM HB0/DL7PIA/P via DL7PIA OY/IZ1AZA via IZ1AZA
7S2W via SM2EKM & (L) HG30PANEU via HA1KSS S549APR via S51A & (L)
9A/DL6MDA via DL6MDA (e) HG4F via HA4FF & (e) SK50HD via SM6FKF
9A/IZ0FYL via IZ0FYL I2YBC/HB0 via I2YBC SM7D via SA7DXN (e)
9A0HRS via 9A3JB II6MOON via IW6ATQ (d) SN80FL via SP2PTU
9A7T via 9A2EU & (L) IQ9SY via IT9NVA SP1919PS via SP9PNB
9Q6BB via W3HNK & (L) IT9/IQ5ZP via 9A8MDC SV0AMS via DL2MGP
DA0N via DJ0BFS IT9/ON6MM/P via ON6MM TM17FFF via F4GFE
DM5B via DM5RC (N) IY7M via IZ7XNB UE90AGN via RZ4Z
DQ9Y via DF2SD (O/L) IZ1GDB/IT9 via IZ1GDB UE90PR via RK1O
EA8DIG via EA8DIG (L) LZ304AE via LZ1KCP W1R via N2TA (d)
EI/HB9TNF/P via HB9TNF N0F via AC0RL W2Q via N2TA (d)
GB60ATG via M0OXO (O) OE19FTDMC via OE1SGU & (L) YQ0BIKE via YO6KNE (O/L)
HB0/DL5PIA/P via DL5PIA OE30CFC via OE3CFC ZY40ZT via PT7ZT (d/L)
(e) eQSL only (d) direct only (B) Bureau only (*-B) DX's- Bureau
(O) OQRS only (C) ClubLog only (L) LoTW only (N) No QSL needed
(I) No IRC (P) PayPal (NB) No Bureau
LOGS ONLINE AT CLUBLOG.ORG THIS WEEK......
CY9C DXPEDITION LOG UPDATE. Randy, N0TG, reports, "All known issues
with our log on ClubLog have been resolved. If there are still missing
contacts of any mode, please E-mail (firstname.lastname@example.org) with date,
time, mode, frequency and your call sign. Logs will be uploaded to
LoTW in the near future.
QSLS RECEIVED VIA LoTW: 5T5PA, 9G2HO, 9K2OW, 9M0W, E6ET, KN0E/KH3,
SO1WS and UN7QX
QSLS RECEIVED VIA MAIL: HK1NA (SA-082), II7P (EU-091), RI1OB (EU-066),
SO1WS, V84SAA, VK5MAV/6 (OC-183, OC-211), XR0ZRC (SA-005) and XR1RRC
QSLS RECEIVED VIA THE BUREAU: 5B4AMX, 5W0GC, AT5RP (AS-173), D66D,
EY7AV (now RN3DHX), EZ8CQ (now R2DSX), T88PB, UN9L, VP8ALJ, VP8LP,
VU2AE, VU2ATN, VU2CPL, VU2GRM, VU2IBI, VU2KWJ, VU2NXM, VU2RAJ, VU2SMN,
VU2USA, VU3DMP, VU3DMP (AS-161), VU3KPL, VU3NXI, VU7MS, XP1AB and YJ0GC
--- We would like to see more QSL Bureaus (such as AS/US/SA/AF.. etc)
to send in their info....
TM41, FRANCE (Special Event). Look for special event station TM41CDXC to
be active between September 13-27th. Activity is to celebrate the 41st
Clipperton DX Convention (September 27-29th) at Mejannes-le Clap (Gard).
QSL via F5CWU or the OQRS: http://www.f5cwu.net/oqrs
V6, MICRONESIA. Sho, JA7HMZ, will once again be active as V63DX from
Pohnpei Island (OC-010) between November 22-27th. Activity will be on
160-6 meters, all modes and including the CQWW DX CW Contest (November
23-24th) as a Single-Op/All-Band/High-Power entry signing V6A. He will
be looking for European stations on 160m before and after the contest.
QSL via his home callsign direct or LoTW. No Bureau QSLs.
VE, CANADA. DX-World.net reports that Alessandro, VE7ADA, will be active
as VE7ADA/1 from Nova Scotia and Cape Breton, between September 1-7th.
Activity will be on 40-10 meters using SSB with 100 watts into a dipole.
His operations will be from various locations: "some small islands" in
NA-081 and NA-010, and from the Marconi National Historic Site at Table
Head in Glace Bay, the location of Marconi's first transatlantic station.
QSL via his home callsign, by the Bureau or direct.
VP9, BERMUDA. Les, N1SV, will be active as VP9/N1SV from Hamilton Parish,
Bermuda Islands (NA-005), between October 23-28th. Activity will be on
various HF bands using mostly CW, JT9 and WSPR. Also, look for him to be
in the CQWW DX SSB Contest (October 26-27th) signing as VP9I. QSL via
N1SV, direct, by the Bureau, ClubLog or LoTW. QSL VP9I via WW3S.
WW0, UNITED STATES (Special Event). Members of the Northern Colorado
Amateur Radio Club (NCARC), WWV ARC, RMHam, and FCCW along with the
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) will activate
special event station WW0WWV between September 28th and October 2nd.
Activity is to celebrate the 100th anniversary of WWV, the world's oldest
continuously operating radio station. The WW0WWV station(s) will be set
up adjacent to the WWV transmitter site in Fort Collins, Colorado. The
plan is to have up to four stations on the air for routine operations.
A fifth station will schedule contacts with schools, universities, and
museums, as well as conducting unscheduled contacts. Operations will be
on various HF bands following typical propagation, and will include 160
meters as well as satellites (SO-50, AO-91, and AO-92) and 6-meter meteor
scatter. Modes will be CW, SSB and the Digital modes. A trial run of WW0WWV
took place this past week on August 24-25th. QSL via ClubLog's OQRS, LoTW,
or direct to the WWV Amateur Radio Club, 1713 Ridgewood Rd, Fort Collins,
CO 80526, USA. For more details, visit the following URLs:
Also, visit the official NIST announcement of the 100th anniversary at:
XP, GREENLAND. Henning, OZ2I/OZ1BII, will once again be active as XP2I
from Kanger-lussuaq between November 20-25th. Activity will be CW only
on all HF bands. He will participate during the CQWW DX CW Contest
(November 23-24th) as a Single-Op/All-Band/Low-Power entry. For activity
outside of the contest, he will sign OX/OZ2I. QSL via OZ2I, LoTW, eQSL
or ClubLog's OQRS. For more details and updates, see: http://www.oz1bii.dk
YN, NICARAGUA. Mike, AJ9C, will once again be active as YN2CC near Granada,
Nicaragua, between November 19-27th. Activity will be on 160-6 meters using
CW, SSB and RTTY. Also, Mike will be in the CQWW DX CW Contest (November
23-24th) as a Single-Op/All-Band/Low-Power entry. QSL via LoTW or direct
and by the Bureau to his home callsign. Logs will be uploaded to LoTW upon
his return home and QSLs can be requested via the OQRS on ClubLog.
ZD8, ASCENSION ISLAND. Steve, WB4GHY, is currently on Ascension Island
on a work detail. Look for him to possibly be active on various days
as ZD8SC. The length of his stay is unknown. Activity will be on 80-10
meters on SSB only using an IC-7000 to a directional antenna. QSL via
WB4GHY or LoTW.
ZD9, TRISTAN DA CUNHA NEWS (Emergency Fund Appeal). Steve, G4EDG/ZD9CW,
reports [edited]: "On July 18/19th, Tristan suffered a terrifying storm,
the worst for nearly twenty years. Severe damage was suffered by resi-
dential, administration buildings as well as to the school and fish pro-
cessing factory. Thankfully nobody was injured, but life on the island
has been severely affected and work is in progress to repair the build-
ings. Materials for this task are on their way from South Africa on the
MV Edinburgh, the same boat that took me to the island last year for my
ZD9CW operation, a rough journey of seven days. Perhaps DXers would con-
sider making a donation to help with the daunting task of restoring
Tristan to some sort of normality." For more details and on how you can
help, see: https://www.justgiving.com/campaign/tristanemergencyfund